11 June 2018

Wages in the Caribbean

Summer time means vacations for many.  So if you are heading for the Caribbean, consider some of the prevailing wages of the staff that support your visit.  Here is the current advert for some employment in the Turks and Caicos.


$6.25 an hour seems to be the prevailing wage for laborers and housekeeping staff.

Remember to tip well.

09 June 2018

World Slogans Mapped

Ever wonder the slogans of different countries? See this link for a nice map of the world.

01 June 2018

National Trails Day 2018


Visit the American Hiking Society page for more info.  And get out on a trail with your friends, dogs, neighbors, family or even yourself.  Google "trails near me" for more ideas.

30 May 2018

RGS 2018 Liminal Landscapes is scheduled


Liminal Landscapes in Tourism
AffiliationGeography of Leisure and Tourism Research Group
Convenor(s)Robert S. Bristow (Westfield State University, MA, USA)
Ian S. Jenkins (University of Iceland, Iceland)
Chair(s)Robert S. Bristow (Westfield State University, MA, USA)
TimetableWednesday 29 August 2018, Session 4 (16:50 - 18:30)
Session abstractLiminality has recently gained the attention of tourism scholars (Preston-Whyte, 2004; Pritchard, & Morgan, 2006; Andrews & Roberts, 2012; Brooker & Joppe, 2014). The transitional time and space for the tourist experience is an important one to understand since it has a great impact on the overall encounter. Yet the shear nature of liminality is generally so abstract that only recently has research attempted to explore the relationship in tourism.
Liminality is anthropologically associated with Rites of Passage (van Gennep, 1960). Turner (1974) refined liminality as the edge of everyday life. Similar to a tourist experience, the chance to break away from the norms of daily life is an important aspect of tourism. Liminality is a logical transition for tourists since they are leaving the comfort of home to travel to some unknown experience. This frequently reflects the period and space in the anticipation and travel to and from phases of the experience (Clawson and Knetsch, 1966; White and White, 2003; and Lew, 2012).
The purpose of this session is to explore how liminal landscapes are viewed in travel and tourism.

03 May 2018

Final call for paper abstracts on Liminal Landscapes in Tourism

Second and Final Call for Papers

 a gentle reminder that abstracts are due at the end of the month!




Tourism Geographies - Call for papers

Guest Editors:
Robert S. Bristow, Westfield State University, Massachusetts, US
Ian S. Jenkins, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
Liminality has recently gained the growing attention from tourism scholars (Crouch, 2000; Preston-Whyte, 2004; Pritchard, & Morgan, 2006; Andrews & Roberts, 2012; Brooker & Joppe, 2014). The transitional time and space for the tourist experience is an important one to understand since it has a great impact on the overall encounter and experience.  Yet the sheer nature of liminality is generally so abstract that only recently has research attempted to explore the relationship in tourism. 
Liminality is anthropologically associated with Rites of Passage (van Gennep, 1960).  Turner (1974) and Shields (2013) refined liminality as the movement from one stage to another. Similar to a tourist experience, the chance to break away from the norms of daily life is an important aspect of tourism.   Liminality is a logical transition for tourists since they are leaving the comfort of home to travel crossing in time and space some threshold or boundary to some unknown experience.  This frequently reflects the period and space in the anticipation and travel to and from different phases of the experience (Clawson and Knetsch, 1966; White and White, 2004; Light 2009; and Lew, 2012). Contemporary literature calls this the “transit zone” for purposes of differentiating experiences of travel from those on-site (Hunter & Shaw, 2007). Even the recollection stage of the experience may reflect a liminal experience (Goodnow & Ruddell, 2009).
Recent paper sessions presented during the American Association of Geographers (Boston 2017) and Royal Geographic Society with the Institute of British Geographers (Cardiff 2018) illustrate the growing body of literature on the theme of liminality and landscapes.  This special issue of Tourism Geographies seeks to build on that research and presents an understanding of how liminality is experienced by the tourist.
For this special issue of Tourism Geographies, we invite papers that address liminality in tourism landscapes.  For tourists there are many opportunities to ‘transit’ from one state to another.  A classic example takes place in a hotel, where social norms are excused and atypical behavior may take place due to the anonymous nature of the tourist’s temporary visit (Pritchard & Morgan, 2006). Certain other landscapes challenge the visitor due to the anticipated experiences (Trudeau & McMorran, 2011; Mott & Roberts, 2014). The arts have also significantly contributed to a liminal experience (Jaimangal-Jones et al, 2010), and dark tourism landscapes have a marked edge in the experience (Lennon & Foley, 2000).
The Special Issue will address the research question of how do tourists observe and experience liminality.  Addressing this question will provide a more holistic insight into the tourist experience.  We invite papers that deal with aspects of liminal landscapes experienced by tourists including:
Urban, Rural and/or peripheral Landscapes
Dark Landscapes
Last Chance Landscapes
Marginalized Landscapes
Adventure Landscapes
Entertainment Landscapes
Diaspora Landscapes
Inspirational and Spiritual Landscapes
Health, Wellness and Medical Tourism
and others

References Cited
Andrews, H., & Roberts, L. (Eds.). (2012). Liminal landscapes: Travel, experience and spaces in-between. Routledge.
Brooker, E., & Joppe, M. (2014). Developing a tourism innovation typology: Leveraging liminal insights. Journal of Travel Research, 53(4), 500-508.
Clawson, M., & Knetsch, J. L. (1966). Economics of outdoor recreation. Washington, DC: Resources for the Future.
Crouch, D. (2000). “Places Around Us: Embodied Geographies in Leisure and Tourism.” Leisure Studies, 19 (1): 63–76.
Goodnow, J. M., & Ruddell, E. (2009). An illustration of the quest genre as spiritual metaphor in adventure travel narratives. Leisure/Loisir, 33(1), 241-267.
Hunter, C., & Shaw, J. (2007). The ecological footprint as a key indicator of sustainable tourism. Tourism Management, 28(1), 46-57.
Jaimangal‐Jones, D., Pritchard, A., & Morgan, N. (2010). Going the distance: locating journey, liminality and rites of passage in dance music experiences. Leisure Studies, 29(3), 253-268.
Lennon, J. J., & Foley, M. (2000). Dark tourism. Cengage Learning EMEA.
Lew, A. A. (2012). Tourism incognita: experiencing the liminal edge of destination places. √Čtudes carib√©ennes, (19).
Light, D. (2009). Performing Transylvania: Tourism, fantasy and play in a liminal place. Tourist Studies, 9 (3): 240-258.
Mott, C., & Roberts, S. M. (2014). Not everyone has (the) balls: Urban exploration and the persistence of masculinist geography. Antipode, 46(1), 229-245.
Preston-Whyte, R. (2004). The beach as a liminal space. In A. Lew, C. M. Hall, & A. Williams (Eds.), The Blackwell’s Tourism Companion (pp. 249–259). Oxford: Blackwell.
Pritchard, A., & Morgan, N. (2006). Hotel Babylon? Exploring hotels as liminal sites of transition and transgression. Tourism Management, 27(5), 762-772.
Shields, R. (2013). Places on the margin: Alternative geographies of modernity. Routledge.
Trudeau, D., & McMorran, C. (2011). The geographies of marginalization. In V. Del Casino, M. Thomas, P. Cloke, R. Panelli (Eds.), VA companion to social geography, (pp. 437-453). Wiley.
Turner, V. (1974). Liminal to liminoid, in play, flow, and ritual: an essay in comparative symbology. Rice Institute Pamphlet-Rice University Studies, 60(3).
Van Gennep, A. (1960). The rites of passage. University of Chicago Press.
White, N. R., & White, P.B. (2004). Travel as transition: Identity and place. Annals of Tourism Research, 31 (1), 200-218.
3. Timeline:
Abstract Submissions:               May 31st, 2018
(250 words, 3-5 keywords noting the significance of each for a total of 500 words)  Include a short biography for each author.  The author guidelines and review process for Tourism Geographies are found here <http://www.tgjournal.com/notes-for-authors.html>.
Abstract Decisions:                           June 30th, 2018
Full Paper Submissions:                   September 31st, 2018
Revisions and Decisions:                 February 28th, 2019
Publication:                                       June - December, 2019

Abstracts are to be submitted to the corresponding editor, Robert S. Bristow, using the email address recgeog@gmail.com.  State “TG Special Issue – Liminal Landscapes” in subject line.

30 April 2018

Car Rental part two

So I am now checking car rentals for two foreign trips.  The first one is easy, the same price at three different sites:  Direct from the car rental, plus American Airlines and Triple A.  All the same price.

The second trip is not so easy.  So to simplify, let's use the same car rental company rented from the same airport (not downtown).  Same length of rental AND same car.  So I try the same three  sites I just mentioned, then I searched from the local airport, a different airline (not flying AA this time) and then instead of the dot.com (US website) I used the countries website. 

Now the websites wanted me to cookie them so they know I was inquiring about costs from the US.  But long story short, rates were are random AND if I booked via the local site using their currency, the costs were 30% higher!  Again there are a bunch of added fees like CDW and such, but I was just looking for the base price plus taxes and airport fees.

There are benefits to prepaying as opposed to paying at the desk.  And I don't mind prepaying IF there is a chance to get a refund should something happen.

So for my first trip I will probably wait a bit and just book direct with the car rental company.

For the second trip .... I just don't know but need to do something since the summer travel time may reduce supply.

Happy shopping.


Oh yeah, I blogged about this back in March.  And a shot of the car I dinged in Martinique.  Same style of car, but this shot is in Switzerland.

28 April 2018

Smart phones and Weather Forecasting

This morning, before I headed out for a hike, I checked my Weather Underground App to see what conditions I might experience (cool and warming but dry, at least until tonight).  Before I excited the App, I was asked if I wanted to contribute to the forecasting by allowing the App to record the local pressure.  Yes, not only does my phone record where I am, but can sense the atmospheric pressure!

I declined, but then wondered how much of my actions are already being recorded by location and actions.   hmmmm

Anyway, citizen based weather reporting is not a bad thing.  I even wrote about it back in 2005 in the paper titled "Emergency Preparedness and Tourism: Both Win with Help of the Amateur Meteorologist."  See this link for the paper.  The additional data provided by citizens makes for a better forecast.  Makes sense, right, after all, Denver's weather is not representative of the whole state.

Bristow, Robert S.; Leiker, Karl; DeBlois, Roland 2006. Emergency Preparedness and Tourism: Both Win with Help of the Amateur Meteorologist. In: Peden, John G.; Schuster, Rudy M., comps., eds. Proceedings of the 2005 northeastern recreation research symposium; 2005 April 10-12; Bolton Landing, NY. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-341. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station: 135-139.